Exam- Natural Resources

Approaches and Viewpoints

Out of the approaches and viewpoints that were shortlisted, I chose population and scarcity. This option was selected because it is necessary to understand how population growth is inversely proportional to resources. According to Ehrlich & Ehrlich (18 in the Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics), the increase in the number of births necessitates more resources to provide comfortable support without depleting or disorganizing the ecosystem. The opposing viewpoint claims that resources are consuming every day, a situation that requires caution in resource and population management. There should be no competition for goods and services to ensure equality, justice, and biodiversity.

Sustainability and Prosperity

Sustainability is directly attached to the ability to produced consumer goods without wiping out the sources of the raw materials. To achieve sustainability, there is need to maintain the human population at manageable sizes for an assured level of consistency in availing the products in question to the consumers (Ehrlich & Ehrlich, 18). When sustainability is achieved, prosperity sets in prosperity is when the economy grows unbent, and profits are rising. For such kind of an economy, employment for all skilled, semi-skilled and unskilled citizens is almost available. At that level of success, a country’s economic growth has attained stability. If the government has to reach prosperity, with full employment statistics to her citizens, the population should have more working class individuals than passive, jobless persons.

Efficiency and Sufficiency

After, sustainability and prosperity have been ensured, efficiency and sufficiency beckons. While efficiency is the ability to use resources with negligible if no wastage, sufficiency is the ascertaining of the citizens on the availability of the products they need articulates (Foran & Poldy, 02). Population, for this case, still plays a pivotal role. When the population is overwhelmingly large, the sufficiency of good and services is at stake, and the efficiency goes down.

Question 2

Speth, categorically uses the word, world, in his approach to “How do we respond” to bring out the figurative meaning. The articulation is the background or force behind which solutions are to be created. For any empirical approach in finding solutions to worldly problems, fortress, the market, policy reformers, market forces and social greens represent some of the major platforms that can help in solution searching to sustainability issues. In this essay, market world and policy reform world are discussed.

The Market World

To begin with, Joseph, Andrew & Marcia, (47) elegantly expresses market world as the most important aspect of any economy. Production efficiency and sufficiency may be secure, but if the market is not present, then the goods or services that are being rendered to the public become useless (Speth). The market world is the real consumption groups that are willingly ready to accept and purchase the products at prevailing market conditions. Such a market does not lay rules by which the market is driven; rather it is ready for the products. Manufacturers in this kind of market thrive on optimism that the society is set for newer versions of the goods and services being offered, points out Karin Mickelson, 44. This disposition is guided by the understanding that economic growth is fully positive and there is room for innovation, in attempt to find a solution to the scarcity of natural resources.

Policy Reform World

The other response to the solutionism, (Speth), is about the policy reform world. This entirely the political side of the economic growth contributors. Reformists have a strong belief in the capability of policies in fixing economic loopholes. The key point, in this case, is striking a consensus between and among governments, innovators, and inventors and the societies to unearth the emerging issues in resource scarcity. As Karin Mickelson (44) adds, this approach is all-inclusive, and so, it is easy to identify the scarcity, strengthen or/and straighten the respective law and effect the solution almost immediately. That approach is an assurance of sustainable development across all the continents on the planet (Joseph, Andrew & Marcia, 47).


Resources are scarce. The available ones should be utilized sparingly with utmost efficiency in order to maintain sufficiency is production. On the other hand, population control is inevitable if the currently scarce natural resources have to produce enough goods for the population.

Works Cited

Ehrlich PR & Ehrlich AH. “Population, resources, environment: issues in human ecology. Canadian journal of Agricultural Economics, 18, 1970, pp. 123-125.

Foran, Barney & Poldy, Franzi, “Future dilemmas: Options 2050 for Australia’s Population, Technology, Resources and Environment, CSIRO Sustainable Ecosystems, 02, 2002.

Jelinski LW, “Industrial ecology: concepts and approaches. The PNAS, 89, 1992, pp. 793-797.

Joseph A. Henderson, Andrew Bieler & Marcia McKenzie, “Climate Change and the Canadian Higher Education System: An Institutional Policy Analysis. Canadian journal of Higher Education, 47, 2017.

Karin Mickelson. “Between Crisis and Complacency: Seeking Commitment in International Environmental Law, Netherlands Yearbook of International Law 2013, 44, 2014, pp. 139-159.

Speth JG, “The bridge at the edge of the world: Capitalism, the environment, and crossing from crisis to sustainability, Yale University Press, 2008.

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