In the broadest sense. Sports are any athletic activities in which a person or a group competes against one another for the sake of entertainment. Every game has rules that govern how it should be played. Sports have grown into a lucrative profession over the last few years. Sports have also been used as unifying arenas and cultural sharing grounds around the world. The development of arenas such as the FIFA World Cup and the Olympics is seen as one means of getting people together and appreciating individual talents. The period is the most well-known game rule. It decides who wins the competition as a whole. Most of the games are regulated by time while others using some procedures which have been arrived to a consensus by the competing rule. The other ethical issue in any game is the fair play which revolves around the aspect of cheating, sportsmanship, doping and drugs, and violation. Time is considered an important determinant for success in any game like baseball or athletics Violation of such rules may lead to nullification of a match or competition. In my paper am going to point out the differences between the sports that are regulated by time and the sports that are not regulated by time. Clock games are timing games as defined by Osborne (2003) (Markus ., 2010 pp 532-550)
For the games that are regulated by time, the most important rule to bear is the game playing time. This determined the chance for the team to get victory over the opponent. This key aspect is seen when moment the players gather before the game commence to plan how to use the time allocated for a match effectively. For example, the basketball is regulated by time and the time allocation differs from one level of play or leagues. The clock runs when the game starts, and it is stopped whenever the ball goes out of bound, during time outs and when free throw are being shot. In case a game is tied at the end of the normal playing time allocated for every match, then there is overtime which in most of the leagues is five minutes. This may last for a while until one of the competing team becomes on top.
Due to the vigorous exercise in the field, the players may need some rest and also strength on their tactics. At this time in most of the time regulated games we have the issue of time out. If the coach is not contented with the manner in which the play are progressing with the game, he may call for time out to discuss for tactics with his players. The teams has been assigned the number of the times they can call for time out in the first half or the last half. In games without the control of the clock, Players and managers of both the defense and the offence can request for time out also to address on the critical issues such as worn out balls or replace players. The requested time out becomes effective when the umpire grants verbally or by hand. In games where there is no clock regulation such as baseball, this aspect becomes restricted. The main reason of time out here may be only to temporally prevent the limit the team from tagging the base runner out. The rule of the basketball do not limit timeout by either duration or time out as compare to other games that are strictly following the clock rule. End of any time out is declared by the umpire through verbal or signaling the players through pointing on the pitcher. Most of the games that are not regulated by clock provides natural breaks, and at this time, transition takes place the team exchange the defensive and offensive roles (Matt et al .,2013 )
In games such as gridiron football, timeout is allocated but limited to three per team during the first half just like the basketball. Timeout is given in circumstances such as running out of bound with the bass during the final two minutes of the first half and the final five minutes during the final half. When the ball, is thrown out of bounds and the spiking balls which are considered as incomplete. Time out may also be granted in incidences where the player is hurt. To limit the player’s from giving this as the excuse especially during the last minutes of the final, the injured player is restricted from playing the upcoming game.
In the games operated by clock, there must be the operator who will be able to signal the person supervising the on-filed activities. The operators are normally placed in a booth or an area away from their member to avoid destructions. The exact time when the ball hits the ground or the player foot touches outside the bounds is mostly irrelevant to the operator. He is supposed to be focused on the officials. It means that even when the operators observes the coach signing time out with the operator, he can do nothing unless the field officials acknowledges this(Borden .,2012).
In other games that are not controlled by the clock, such are bull fighting are dangerously and can lead to injury or death. The defendant is supposed to entertain the audience with much caution in because there is no one to control his moves in time when they come to face with the bull, and the defender is hurt; there is no time out. There is no scoring system in such games nor the winner or loser. The defenders are supposed to kill the bull instantly by piercing it directly to the heart. The bull ring determines how much time the bull should take the pick are separated by the period in which the bull is being lured away by the banderilleros. The bull usually receive two or three picks. The trumpets brown during the game marks the role that the matador is supposed to be doing. The crowd determine whether the bull was courage or not (Simmonds., 2007).
Baseball cannot end in a tie, and therefore the end team is given the last chance to win to avoid the game from continuing forever. The time taken depends on the duration it takes for a series of events to occur just like the tennis game. The games ends after nine innings. The starter team bats for the ninth tome in which he makes three outs and hence ending its half inning without going into the lead. The game becomes over because the end team does not need to take an offensive turn or add the margin of victory. This make a difference in comparison to the games like basketball whereby the teams are given extra time after the elapse of the assigned time. In cases where the nine innings ends in a tie, the team plays as many extra inning as possible to determine the winner. End team is always given a last chance to win the game or last chance to tie (Clément et al .,2009 pp 473-481).
In games like football, the clock is used to regulate the progress of the game and standardize equality among the team. For fair game, each team is assigned the same time, and the clock may be stopped during time out, end of quarter, after a team scores, end of incomplete pass, on penalty among others. The team that leads to killing clock win the race, with the fact that baseball lacks a clock, the team cannot win without getting the last batter. The rallies are not restrained by time as compared to football which issue of tie may lead to penalties. There are some form of strategies that are advantageous to the team in baseball which is contrary to the football which is fair and depends on the player tactics to handle the opponents.
Time is the most important aspect in any game. Games that occur through the regulation of the clock are seen to me directed towards the comfortably of players and fair win or lose as compared to the games that are not controlled by clock. Timeouts in games that are controlled by clock is seen to give the teams time to prepare for the other phase of the game. The officials may also request for time out to substitute players or encourage the player on the best move to take. In time of tied additional minutes is assigned to each. In games, without clock, they uses their mechanism such as the nine innings in baseball which gives the end team chance to win the game.
Brunnermeier, Markus K., and John Morgan. “Clock games: Theory and experiments.” Games and Economic Behavior 68.2 (2010): 532-550
Sam Borden, in a game that melts the clock, time is on no one’s side: The new York times
David Simmonds, the rules of bullfighting ; the bullfight, what you will see,2007. http://www.mexicopremiere.com/the-rules-of-bullfighting/
Sire, Clément, and Sidney Redner. “Understanding baseball team standings and streaks.” The European Physical Journal B-Condensed Matter and Complex Systems 67.3 (2009): 473-481.
Doyle, Roddy. Bullfighting. Random House, 2011
Goldman, Matt, and Justin M. Rao. “Tick Tock Shot Clock: Optimal Stopping in NBA Basketball.” Available at SSRN 2363709 (2013).