The History of Peru
The country of Peru has a long history, ranging from being a Spanish colony to a royalist stronghold. It gained its independence from Spain in 1821, but experienced years of military rule and political instability. It was a participant in the War of the Pacific from 1879 to 1883, which was eventually won by the United States. Throughout the following decades, Peru was plagued by military coups. In 2000, President Alberto Fujimori was forced to resign due to accusations of corruption and human rights violations.
Social Unrest and Economic Growth
The country had a turbulent history during the War of the Pacific (1879-1884), when a military oligarchy took power. Later, the country faced social unrest and internal conflict, before enjoying periods of stability and economic growth. In the 1990s, Peru adopted a neoliberal economic model that is still in effect today. The country also experienced a commodities boom, which led to continued economic growth and a reduction of poverty.
Influence of Cocaine Production and Mineral Resources
While Peru is home to many natural resources, most of them mineral-based, the country is known for its cocaine production. Cocaine and illegal mining have a large influence on Peru's economy, and these two sectors account for about half of the country's GDP. Apart from these industries, Peru also produces a lot of copper, gold, and silver. These commodities have contributed greatly to Peru's economy, and its recent stimulus packages have sought to increase its production levels while investing in infrastructure and education.
The People and Culture of Peru
The people of Peru are friendly and welcoming. The country's indigenous culture is rich, and is mixed with Catholicism and ancient beliefs. Despite the higher prices of imported goods, the prices of most items in Peru are lower than in the United States. You can enjoy Peruvian cuisine and learn to cook like the locals, or eat out at a traditional restaurant. The climate in Peru varies a lot depending on where you visit.
Must-Visit Places in Peru
When planning a trip to Peru, it's important to choose an itinerary that will take you to some of the most amazing places in the country. For example, a trip to the ancient Incan city of Machu Picchu is a must, as it is a true wonder. Located 2400 meters above sea level, the ancient Incan city features beautiful dry stone walls and stunning city remains.
Rich Culture and Natural Wonders
In addition to the famous ruins of Machu Picchu, Peru's culture is rich in history. Its vibrant music, beautiful polleras, and fascinating ruins make the country a unique travel destination. While many tourists visit Peru to see the Inca ruins, there are countless other ancient ruins scattered throughout the country. You can witness the sun set in the Pacific, climb the highest peak of the snow-capped Andes, and spot a pink river dolphin in the Amazon River.
Diverse Environment and Geographical Features
The country is home to an amazing biodiversity of plants and animals. Its land area is nearly a million square miles and borders Chile, Bolivia, and Ecuador. The country's diverse environment includes arid plains in the west, the Andes mountains in the north, and the Amazon basin rainforest in the east.