In 1954, in the revolutionary case of Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka, the Supreme Court of the United States of America revoked its decision. The verdict of the Court modified laws allowing separate but equivalent neighborhood amenities such as public schools to be allowed. The presence of independent facilities such as colleges was necessarily discriminatory, Brown v. Board declared. This ruling provided inspiration for the American civil rights movement. The unreasonable decision lowered the tolerance to bigotry among the people. In a way not seen when the Republicans were seeking to restore the South following a Civil War, the vote engrossed on the courtesy of the nation on black repression. Brown succeeded in emphasizing the country’s ethnic caste scheme which gave inspiration to a movement of liberty rides to reunite federal transportation, through integrating local buses, restaurants, and other public housings (Miller, 2004).
The Brown’s resolution also prompted legislation on civil rights and untied the state’s legal support for racism. In 1967, an appointment of Marshall was made by President Lyndon to the Supreme Court. Marshall struggled for the next twenty-four years trying to prevent the decision made by the Court earlier. Most newspapers in America reported this decision by Brown on the revolutionary case, showing clearly the mixed responses. Some states celebrated the court order on apartheid while others protected their discrimination laws. They declined the ruling indicating that the Supreme Court had not issued a timeline for assimilation in its verdict. Although there were few substantive differences between the Republicans and the Democrats in racism in the 1950s, the presidents refused to certify the ruling made by the Supreme Court in Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka. Republican Party’s rejection to hold the growing civil rights movement did not offer blacks with enticements to leave the Democrats.
Another civil liberty is the movement of Mother of the Civil Rights by Rosa Parks. This drive was the figurative foundation of the contemporary Civil Rights movement. Parks declined to offer her seat on a bus to a white male. Parks was going home from a job at a department store on 1st December 1955. She boarded a bus filled up with whites seated in the front while blacks were seated at the back. She was among four people who were ordered by the driver to give whites seat. The three obeyed the directive, but Mrs. Parks disobeyed. She was arrested and fined under a city regulation which commanded isolated buses. A boycott was planned to demonstrate support for parks. Mrs. Parks and many other black people were dismissed from their jobs. There were violence, whippings, and court cases. In 1956, Parks and many other individuals were charged with treachery. Community leaders made preparations for black taxis to carry commuters in the city for the same fare as buses when the boycott began (Parks, 2008). The restraint gained consideration, and in November 1956, the Supreme Court confirmed a subordinate court decision that flung out the Montgomery bus regulation.
The media played a dominant part during the Mother of the civil rights movement. Leaders of the civil rights acknowledged the support the media offered and were outstandingly effective in utilizing it to help their basis.
Civil rights are defensive actions endorsed by the government to safeguard its citizen’s discrimination, while civil liberties determine the levels of government’s contravention of the civil rights of its people. Civil rights are habitually demarcated by societal actions and predicaments. Civil rights are intended to shielding marginal groups from being victimized (Wechsler, & Oliver, 1970).
Miller, J. (2004). Brown v. Board of Education of Topeka: Challenging school segregation in the Supreme Court. New York: PowerKids Press.
Rosa Parks: The mother of the modern-day civil rights movement. (2008). United States: Filiquarian Publishing, LLC.
Wechsler, H., & Oliver Wendell Holmes devise lectures, 1967. (1970). The nationalization of civil liberties and civil rights. Austin, Tex.: University of Texas at Austin.