Art is the human attempt to imitate, supplement, alter, or counteract nature’s work. It could also be described as an activity that aims to create something unique. In other words, it can also be described as a general recreation of reality. It also entails a thorough examination of all of these processes. There are also various types of art or categories of art that are commonly found. Painting, sculpture, music, ballet, and even literature itself are examples. The skill can be learned through study, practice, or even by watching our forefathers do it well. The act of learning through observation from experts or older relatives or family members who are also forerunners of Renaissance. Donatello sculpture depicts the art in Renaissance since it speaks directly to the current world. Its powerful nature reveals a lot to individuals on the art of Renaissance. The sculpture is a symbol of colorful and vivid world of Italian politics in the era of the Renaissance (Huizinga 244).

The titles Medici and Florence are intricately interrelated with each other. This began in the late 1300s to 1737 in which the family ruled, advised, were exiled in Florence. They later returned and ruled in unending phases. They ruled with a lot of authority in the city and assisted in creating one of the most vibrant artistic centers of the Renaissance and afar. The Italian Renaissance can be seen in the Sandro Botticelli which is one of the greatest painters in Italy. The magnificent Primavera and smart Birth of Venus which is both his works are amongst the best-known images from the Florentine Golden Age. He had difficulties with his art since the period was precarious and unstable full of religious discomfort and political tumult. These forces distracted his art hence had a slow progress. His painting was caught up when Florence moved from the luxurious age of the Medici to the religious severity of Savonarola (Huizinga 247-250).

The baroque style of art was instigated in the late sixteenth century and lasted up to around 1750s. Baroque is used in designating flair of music that was composed during an era that edges with that of Baroque art. The music shared aesthetic principles literary and visual arts of the era. The love of ornamentation is a clear indication of the shared element. The Baroque music is a modern development in the world. Some of this kind of music was filled with incessant discords and lacked melody. It continuously changed meter and keys and at the same time hastily ran over each compositional device. The ground bass was a technique utilized in Baroque music. This involves the use of a repeated bass line. Examples of such music forms created during this period include sinfonia, cantata, sonata, oratorio and concerto (Barolsky 202).

Philosophy and Literature

Philosophy played a vital role during the Middle Ages since it was the handmaiden of both Islamic and Christian philosophy. It was a subject to the authority of the clergy which tended to keep a tight tether on it. The form of philosophy during Renaissance was humanism. The human society and the humanity were the object philosophical inquiry independent of religious presuppositions and religion itself. The Roman and Greek literature were translated leading to the rise of stoicism, skepticism, and Epicureanism (Kirkbride 25). The literature was used in ancient period to analyze the political turmoil and religious asceticism. This is currently used in learning and criticizing the vices in the society.


Art plays a crucial role in expressing creative thinking of humanity. Evidence of ancient civilization can still be seen in various forms of art in the current world. There are innumerable reasons as to why art is important in the society. It plays a critical role in eliciting visceral reactions which cannot be expressed by words alone. Records of civilization can be depicted in pieces of art. The Renaissance, Reformation and the Age of Baroque encompass art, architectural drawings which were used in the ancient ages and used in the modern ages. This is because the sculptural works were powerful and depict the current situation in the world. The philosophy and literature works were the handmaidens of Islamic and Christian ideologies during the middle ages. The philosophical values are also used in the modern world. All these aspects guide the behavior in the society. Islamic art is considered to be the most vibrant and distinctive that has influenced the society irrespective of religious boundaries.

Works Cited

Adahl, Karin. Islamic art collections: an international survey. Routledge, 2013.

Barolsky, Paul. “History of Baroque Art.” A Handbook to the Reception of Ovid (2014): 202.

Bleher, Sahib Mustaqim, and Tariq Ramadan. “Islam and Life-Islamic Art Inspiring Western

Art, Artists Part 2.” JAMMO ISSN 2146-3328 9.33 (2015): 505-519.

Gage, Frances. Baroque Art and Architecture in Italy. Oxford University Press, 2014.

Huizinga, Johan. Men and ideas: History, the middle ages, the renaissance. Princeton

University Press, 2014.

Kirkbride, Robert. “Rhetoric and Architecture in the Renaissance.” The Oxford Handbook of

Rhetorical Studies. 2015.

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