Many influences naturally affect the actions and health of an infant. These multitudes of effects are divided into physiological, biological, and environmental considerations by Kim (490). The first, the world, is divided into physical and social spheres. It is clear in the case study that Reggie’s immediate environment introduces him to variables that increase the risk of causing emotional and behavioral problems. It is fair to say, as it is not stated, that the city needs proper funding and strategies to help children and families. Inadequate maintenance processes make Joanne lament the inability of Jim to make payments for child support. However, Reggie’s emotional struggles greatly stem from his parents’ separation. Naturally, divorce triggers anger and sadness among children that can lead to social difficulties. As seen, Reggie is violent towards his mother, sister, and schoolmates. His academic performance has also deteriorated. Cultural factors that affect Reggie are that most communities define a perfect family as one having both parents. Children of divorced parents are likely to face stigma. Nonetheless, individual factors such fussy temperaments exacerbate Reggie’s situation. The mother notes that his son tended to throw tantrums even before their separation.
Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders
The DSM-IV suggests that Reggie may be experiencing Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD). Admittedly, parental divorce has more traumatic consequences on children than most adults recognize. Reggie’s behavioral disorders started months before his parents’ separation and acerbated afterward as Joanne and Jim became distant to each other.
Family System Approach
Given that every member faces a certain degree of pain and distress following a divorce, Murray Bowen emphasized the importance of a family system approach to therapy. Salvador Minuchin’s “Structural Family Therapy” is one of the most effective approaches of family systems model (Minuchin, Reiter, Borda 23). The approach holds that an effective structure is critical for functioning family. The “Structural Family Therapy” approach is appropriate for the case study since Reggie’s emotional and behavioral disorders are a result of a dysfunctional family structure.
Long- And Short-Term Goals and Interventions
A long-term goal of the psychodynamic approach is to fill loopholes that weaken the family structure rending it dysfunctional. Directly, this strategy aims to restructure the family hierarchy(Minuchin, Reiter, Borda 13). The first short-term goal is to help parents work together in leading the family. A possible intervention in achieving this objective is to manipulate the arrangements of therapy sessions in a manner that ascertains parents’ authority. For instance, holding meetings with parents alone and encouraging them to talk to each other. The second short-term goal is to enhance communication between family members since poor communication skills facilitate adverse interactions. An intervention is to create opportunities for parents and children to exchange ideas. Joanne and Jim should see and talk to Reggie and Aleisha more often. The rationale behind these goals and interventions is that enhancing parental leadership and communicating boundaries not only lays a clear roadmap for the family but also creates an environment where every member contributes and is appreciated.
Kim, Hyun Sik. “Consequences of parental divorce for child development.” American sociological review 76.3 (2011): 487-511.
Minuchin, Salvador, Michael D. Reiter, and Charmaine Borda. The craft of family therapy: Challenging certainties. Routledge, 2013.