The American Revolution, which started in 1775, wasn’t just an overnight occurrence. It took several years and insinuations instead, which forced the colonists to a growing endpoint, a desire to fight for their liberty. There was then an uncluttered meeting between the 13 colonies of North America and the United Kingdom, exacerbated by the difference between the condition of the colonies by Great Britain vs the opinion of the colonies on ideal treatment (Kelly, 2017). The disparities were focused on a variety of large variables, including political, economic, and social ones.
The first consideration was the economic one in which the British agreed to introduce taxes without representation. Britain chose to collect an inflated amount of money by enforcing unrealistic taxes and tariffs on commodities like paper, sugar, molasses, and tea with the aim of efficiently financing its military projects and to assert dominance over the colonies’ independence proceedings (Parkinson, 2016). Without representation in parliament, the American colonists who had a view that the taxes were unsustainable, had no option but to resort to civil disobedience which resulted in the American Revolution.
Secondly, unlimited searches and seizures by the British government awarded court orders of assistance to British officers in the colonies to assist in banning smuggling. These court orders gave officers jurisdiction to search any household without a warning warrant or supervision. Concerned officers could deliberately take hold of whatever they assumed to be illegally obtained or smuggled (Parkinson, 2016). This largely abused art of governance could finally encourage the US Constitution’s Fourth Amendment.
The third factor was the issue of free trade. There was no free trade occasioned by Britain’s competition with other empires in the 18th century. The competition was often economically and in some cases militarily-promoted. In this respect, Britain brought its navy to fight against the United States’ attempts to buy non-British goods to keep the other nation at bay from being beneficiaries of the North-American colonial market (Nelson, 2017). Regarding the unaffordable high trade tariffs imposed by Britain, this policy became in impractical leading to the revolution.
Furthermore, the oppression of political protesters also led to the revolution. Colonial demonstrations against the British become widespread forcing the British colonial law enforcement bodies to take actions aimed at cracking down the disagreements. Among the most digressive example was the imprisonment of Alexander McDougall in 1769 on defamation charges for his work titled ”To the Betrayed Inhabitants of the City and Colony of New York.” Also, the Boston Massacre of 1770 which lead to the shooting of a crowd of colonial protesters by British troops resulting in massive casualties (Kelly, 2017).
The forced imposition of military soldiers on private homes was also another factor that led to the revolution. The colonies were charged with the responsibility of hosting facilities for the British soldiers from the beginning. The British government imposed yet another new and unnerving requirement as the colonial disagreements began to grow. The mandate directed that the British soldiers were to be hosted by original colonists in their private homes. This directive was an emotional wound because of its inconvenience owing to the wake of the Boston Massacre and the impending sense of conflict in the revolutionary times (Parkinson, 2016). The United States Constitution, therefore, underwent the third Amendment to prohibit forced hosting of soldiers.
Moreover, Britain’s direct control of the criminal justice system was another significant cause of the American Revolution. For several decades, the gap of loss of confidence grew, and this forced the British government to deprive the colonial authorities the jurisdiction of court trials and placed both final judgments and punishments in the administration of judges. As seasons moved on, the British government took an initiative of ensuring that those judges could be managed by British as opposed to colonial powers regard to the selection, remuneration, and supervision, thus raising eyebrows in the colonies (Kelly, 2017). Further, the issue of centralizing British jurisdiction of the criminal justice system, and without a possibility of trial by Jury suggested that the colonies were left at the mercy of colonial officers. This was not novel but rather a general thing that happened often, whereby parliament could incriminate any person, imprison or even execute him and after that seize all his property without any legal trial (Parkinson, 2016). These exploitative actions were merely happening by sheer authoritative command through Bills of Attainder resolutions fronted by Britain, a fact that fueled the revolution.
The British government offered immunity for abusive and corrupt British officers. Considering the Boston Massacre trial, eight British soldiers got accused of being responsible but John Adams defended them. The future president (John Adams) won an acquittal for the six soldiers and the equivalent of dishonorable release for the other two soldiers with all these happenings, the British leaders got concerned enough to pass a policy directing that, any British officer accused of any offence be arraigned and tried in England and this meant lack of witnesses and later acquittal (Nelson, 2017).
The act of the British colonial masters closing the Boston port further fueled the Americans resolve to fight their tormentors. The British and colonial conflicts took a notch higher when sixty colonists in American-Indian regalia, demonstrated over the exorbitant tariffs and the British monopoly on imported goods. This event was dubbed the Boston Tea Party where they dumped 342 tea crates worthy 800,000 US dollars in modern currency by the British East India Company consignment into the Atlantic Ocean (Nelson, 2017). The act provoked Parliament making it pass a law mandating closure of Boston Port until the colonies managed to collect enough money to pay for the tea that got thrown into the sea. The port closure made Americans angry and to fight for their rights; they started the revolution.
Conclusively, the 1775 American Revolution was multifaceted because, the American colonists were not directly fighting to gain independence from Britain, but rather attempting to preserve their rights as citizens. These rights had gotten curtailed by their British tormentors through intolerable Acts, inflated taxes, and military oppression. The American Revolution arose as a result of several factors as discussed in the essay.
Kelly, M. (August 3, 2017). “The root causes of the American Revolution.” Thoughtco. Retrieved from https://www.thoughtco.com/causes-of-the-american-revolution-104860
Nelson, K., (2017). “American Revolution for kids: causes” Ducksters. Retrieved from http://www.ducksters.com/history/american_revolution/casuses_revolutionary_war.php
Parkinson, R.G. (2016). The common cause: creating race and nation in the American Revolution. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press.