Mental or physical impairments that can not be overlooked are part of culture. They affect various parts of the body and brain, making it difficult for an individual to behave in a normal capacity as they communicate with others and the environment. Such disabilities can impede, among others, vision, mobility, brain functionality, communication, and hearing. It is difficult for those with disabilities to socialize with others, particularly when disorders affect the brain. With any regular medical checkup, physical limitations restrict involvement in various activities, making it difficult for the person to have a normal life. Disabilities are conditions that people either develop as they grow or children are born with; this conditions affects the normal functionalities of the person thereby requiring treatment and other therapies to improve their conditions.
Treatment of people with disabilities
From the definition, impairment is an absence or a significant difference in the structure of the body of mental functioning (World Health Organization 7). The conditions might be influenced by gene variation, chromosomes variation, or mothers’ exposure to infections during pregnancy. These impairments take different forms in the body or the mind, hence, require different kind of treatment for each problem.
There are two types of impairment, structural and functional. Structural are issues that are related with the internal and external part of the body an example is the amputation of the limb that result to complete loss of a body part. Functional impairment refers to the partly or full loss of abilities of the body parts such as poor joint functionalities.
People living with impairment encounter the challenges of activity limitation and participation restrictions. Activity limitation is the exclusion of a person from an action while participation restriction is the prevention of a person from the involvement of life situations.
National policies such as the Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 seeks to protect people from discrimination based on their disabilities (Meyer 519). Such policies are implemented to protect and sustain an equal society where disabled people are given their rights and in most cases, being a minority group they are offered some privileges to smooth their lives. As such treatment is not just focused on the medical part, but also in the welfare of the people with disabilities through providing essential needs and preventing them from discrimination. Other policies such as People with Disabilities and the Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act are meant to provide high-quality affordable health care to improve the lives of the people with disabilities. Accessibility is to such care is given priority considering that such groups have a problem in accessing some of the facilities.
Provision of health care and support to people with disabilities is aimed at making the lives of people with disabilities easier (World Health Organization 5). It makes the people to understand how to accommodate people with special needs and learn how to live with them in a better way. Social and public facilities are in this case supposed to offer viable means of accessing important services to people with disabilities. Government facilities such as schools are also supposed to ensure that they accommodate people with disabilities.
Prejudice and discrimination based on some stereotyping are some of the biggest obstacles to a good life for the people with disabilities. Stereotyping occurs both in positive and negative way which affects the psychological functionalities of the people with disabilities. In this light, it is important to avoid such prejudice and support the people with disabilities in all ways.
Meyer, Ian. “Health & Employment Law-Seventh Circuit Declares No Relief from Public Employment Discrimination under Title II of the Americans with Disabilities Act-Brumfield v. City of Chicago, 735 F. 3d 619 (7th Cir. 2013).” J. Health & Biomedical L. 10 (2014): 519.
World Health Organization. “International classification of impairments, disabilities, and handicaps: a manual of classification relating to the consequences of disease, published in accordance with resolution WHA29. 35 of the Twenty-ninth World Health Assembly, May 1976.” (1980).
World Health Organization. WHO global disability action plan 2014-2021: Better health for all people with disability. World Health Organization, 2015.