The patient’s past medical history decreases her chances of having psychiatric conditions

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The previous medical history of the patient limits her likelihood of developing mental problems, but it is not completely ruled out. The presence of a tumor in the girl’s brain is another potential diagnosis. The brain regulates all the functions of the body, both mental and physical. Each function is performed by a different part of the brain, with language and speech associated with the left part of the brain, for example. The tumor position determines the signs or symptoms that will be shown by the patient. The functions of the brain would be impeded by any tumor in any of the areas. In this instance, in the hypothalamus area, the patient is most likely to have a tumor. The hypothalamus region controls mood and sleep (Martin & Samuels, 2016). The neurotransmitters in the hypothalamus enhance wakefulness, a key feature affected in the patient’s case. The patient falls asleep if not involved in a stimulating activity. Therefore, the presence of a tumor in this region will impede most arousal activities, unless there is distinct stimulation. The part of the brain related to memory and intelligence (hippocampus) is least affected considering the unaffected performance on tests. However, additional tests are required to confirm the presence of such tumor in the hypothalamus region.
In order to confirm the presence of a tumor or abnormal blood vessels in the patient’s brain, the Angiogram or MRA is recommended. Furthermore, lab tests will be required to identify if the tumor is malignant, cancerous or benign. The patient’s symptoms have to be treated after the removal of the tumor for improved functioning. Cognitive impairment is not depicted in the patient’s case, but mood swings, attention deficit and appearing fidgety are evident. Medication and therapy are recommended for the patient. Probable medication include methylphenidate for stimulating brain activity and antipsychotic for stabilizing the patient’s moods (Larner, 2008). Therapy sessions will improve her concentration levels and enhance stabilization of her moods.
References
Larner, A. J. (2008). Neuropsychological Neurology: The Neurocognitive Impairments of Neurological Disorders. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Martin, J. B., & Samuels, M. (2016, October). Brain Pathways: New Approaches to Structure-Function Localization. Psychiatric Times, 33(10), 1-4. Retrieved from CINAHL Complete

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