The Martian is a science fiction movie directed by Ridley Scott. The film stars Matt Damon. The screenplay was written by Drew Goddard, who adapted it from his novel. It explores the life on Mars, and the challenges that humans face when they live and work in the alien world.
NASA’s planetary science program worked on
NASA’s planetary science program is focused on sending multibillion-dollar rovers and landers to Mars every six years. The Curiosity rover landed in August 2012, and the Perseverance rover will land in February 2021. The NASA-funded Ingenuity helicopter made history in 2021, and the next mission, a lander, is supposed to touch down in 2028. In the meantime, a small fetch rover will collect samples left behind by Perseverance and Curiosity.
Since 2011, NASA’s planetary science program has become much more ambitious than before. It now includes nine subprograms under the umbrella of the Planetary Science Division. These include commercial activities on the Moon, rovers on Mars, the flagship outer planets program, and planetary defense and radioisotope generation infrastructure.
NASA’s planetary science program
NASA’s planetary science program on the Martian surface has stalled since political maneuvering forced it to abandon the planned campaign. Cutbacks to the planetary science budget in the president’s proposed 2013 budget will jeopardize many future missions. But there are some good news stories from the Martian surface. Here are some of them.
One of NASA’s flagship missions is the Mars Sample Return mission, which will return carefully selected samples from the Martian surface. It will provide scientists with a unique record of the earliest history of the solar system, which will help answer the question of whether life has existed on Mars.
Matt Damon’s character
“The Martian” is an entertaining and thought-provoking drama with a surprising dash of comedy. Its plot is a stranded astronaut’s search for home on Mars, but the film also incorporates comedic elements. The resulting movie is one of Damon’s best big screen roles in years.
Matt Damon’s character in The Martial is a science geek who uses his botany expertise to help solve problems. The Mars crew will be wary of his powers! This space opera benefits from smart writing, excellent direction, and a terrific ensemble cast.
Dust storms on Mars
Recent studies have shed new light on dust storms on Mars. Researchers have analyzed the Martian atmosphere using a NASA general circulation model and transient baroclinic eddies. The findings could benefit future human missions to Mars, and they could also provide insights into Earth’s climate problems.
Dust storms on Mars come in different shapes and sizes. Some are local, forming only in specific areas, while others are more global. Global dust storms occur roughly every three Martian years and last two weeks to two months. The storms that originate in the Hellas Basin are longer-lasting, ranging from two to three months.
NASA’s orbital simulator
The NASA orbital simulator for the Mars has been a great tool for preparing astronauts for manned spaceflight missions. It can help astronauts learn about the rigors of space travel, and can help scientists develop technologies and methods to make the voyages safer. In addition, the simulation helps scientists study how the body reacts to extreme conditions, like extreme cold.
The Mars orbit aligns with Earth’s orbit every 26 months. This allows human astronauts to spend longer on Mars. In addition, a series of return trips could allow astronauts to build a number of living spaces on the Red Planet. And, most of the fuel required for those return trips could be manufactured on Mars, which would save money and energy.
NASA’s planetary protection concerns
In recent years, NASA has been evaluating its planetary protection policies and procedures for Mars. The National Academies report released in 2019 suggested that some of the current policies are outdated and insufficient for planetary protection. Additionally, the National Academies’ independent review board recommended that NASA consider easing some of the restrictions on certain destinations and regions of the martian surface. In response to the report, NASA began making some changes to its policies and procedures. For example, the agency reclassified large portions of the Moon to category I.
The planetary protection policy is important because it affects future robotic and human missions to Mars. In addition to exploring Mars, NASA also wants to search for life elsewhere in the Solar System. In particular, Mars and Europa are key targets in its Astrobiology Roadmap.