Societies need to find inventive means of incorporating efforts

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Companies ought to find creative forms of inclusion in human rights, justice and the rule of law efforts to avoid conflicts. In certain cases, judgment often ensures that laws are refined and instigated. Actions tended to focus on increasing the opportunity to advance access to justice in law institutions such as the police and courts. However, the consistency or fairness of access to these services in the justice system was not assured and most innocent individuals were sent to prisons. In addition, discrimination has expanded to the health sector, as many individuals in society do not have access to healthcare due to poor circumstances. The objective of this paper is to assess how the themes of health inequality and criminal justice system can relate to peace, justice, and nonviolence in the society.

How to Take on Health Inequality in America

According to Brookings, how well a person lives depends on the neighborhood that he or she is brought up in. Living in a poor community suggests that the life expectancy will be shorter compared to a person living in a wealthy neighborhood (Rivlin and Alexander). It is the starting point of health inequality in America and cannot be sorted out by just spending more on health care. However, dealing with these challenges calls for three essential priorities which include revitalizing low-income neighborhoods, expanding the mission of nurses and doctors as well as expanding to high-quality childhood development services (Rivlin and Alexander). Creating healthier lives means building healthier communities through providing job opportunities, access to decent housing and nutritious food. Communities and leaders alike must work together to ensure that education, transportation, and public health is improved among poor neighborhoods and integrate objectives that are health related (Rivlin and Alexander).

Dealing with health inequality in America also requires the health professionals to focus on how to make health instead of sickness (Rivlin and Alexander). The health professionals need not only to treat disease but should focus on the ways to prevent the illness by putting a more considerable attention on the challenges that have fallen outside the medical care. The problems that are outside the medical care include assessing whether a person has a safe place to live, access to safe food as well as a job to sustain their livelihood (Rivlin and Alexander). It is because these particular factors affect the health of the patients and the health professionals can use these signs as indicators towards the root of the patient’s sickness. Similarly, supporting youngest children in America specifically those that come from the low-income families can offer a formidable solution to the health inequality challenge in the country. Scholarships should be provided to young children from low-income families across all states to assist in cutting down the problems of high rates of crime and teenage pregnancy (Rivlin and Alexander).

America’s Health Inequality Problem

America is among the top countries in the world that have a massive divide between the health outcomes for the poorest and the richest (Khazan). People with low income will have poor health or fair health compared to the ones that have a stable income. The quality of the health sector of the country is deteriorating since the new policies have been expanded on the health coverage. However, the state should focus on closing the gap between the rich and the poor concerning the healthcare instead of providing coverage. Many people opt to skip medical services due to the expensive nature of the services, and in this category, the United States is ranked second after the Philippines (Khazan).

The disparity in health care around the country is apparent in the measures of health such as the life expectancy that varies depending on ethnicity and race of the residents. Health inequality is the main reason why the United States trails behind among developed nations. Several fault lines are associated with health disparities, but the most persistent divide revolves around income. Poor people of any race get substandard care, live in inadequate housing and experience higher rates of suicide, drug overdose and accidents. To some extent, the issue is not only about racial disparity but broadens to unequal economic opportunities, despair, and unequal education. However, it is important to note that racial and ethnic minorities are hurt more than other groups because they form a large proportion of the poor (Khazan).

Inequality of Criminal Justice System in America

The United States has one of the highest rates of incarceration in the world as prisoners in the country makes up close to 20 percent of the world’s prisoners (Alexander). The main reason behind this huge number is that private prisons in the country are big business as they continue to win big contracts due to increased emphasis on incarceration. The increased incarceration undoubtedly targets the poor and non-white population in the justice system. The move creates a social stratification that a particular group in the society are much more likely to be incarcerated. Social stratification is present in every community, and dominant social class will experience increased advantages and privileges that subordinate social groups would not suffer (Alexander). The growing economic inequality promotes social stratification and prevents human morbidity for people who are disadvantaged in the society. When pointing out the issue of difference in the justice system, one cannot fail to mention the shocking number of marginalized individuals that have been killed in encounters with the law enforcers. Several others have gone through other forms of discernment in the criminal justice system such as unlawful arrests, bail amounts, and long sentences. It is a clear indication that the American justice system has been unjust to some group of people in the society (Alexander).

Conclusion

As long as there is inequality in the society, then the chances of having justice or peace are very minimal. The difference is mainly propagated with the rate of income and leads to the high wealth gap that proves to be more problematic than that of income itself. The wealth gap has been increasing in the United States making it even harder for a specific group to climb the economic ladder (Rivlin and Alexander). The unfortunate individuals in the society will be unable to access better healthcare hence perishing as a result of conditions that could be sorted out in health facilities. Inequality in income will also raise the levels of criminality and violence as poor people will be forced to turn to other criminal means to make ends meet. Therefore, peace, nonviolence, and justice cannot be achieved as long as there is inequality in core sectors of the nation (Alexander).

Works Cited

Alexander, Michelle. “The Future of Race in America: Michelle Alexander at TEDxColumbus.” YouTube, TEDx Talks, 16 Oct. 2013, www.youtube.com/watch?v=SQ6H-Mz6hgw.

Khazan, Olga. “The U.S. Has One of World’s Worst Health Disparities.” The Atlantic, 5 June 2017, www.theatlantic.com/health/archive/2017/06/america-has-the-third-worst-level-of-health-inequality-in-the-world/529158/?utm_source=eb.

Rivlin, Alice M., Mark B. McClellan “How to Take on Health Inequality in America.” Brookings, 13 Jan. 2014, www.brookings.edu/opinions/how-to-take-on-health-inequality-in-america/.

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