Similarities between types of psychotherapy
Most psychotherapy therapies share a deep, emotionally polarized, trustworthy relationship with an individual who helps (Clark & David, 318-320). In addition, it is common for all interventions to include a basis that provides an account of the patient’s pain as well as a means of relieving it. The emotional awakening that seems to be a criterion for behavioral and attitudinal improvement is the other shared characteristic (Clark & David, 322).
Differences between methods of psychotherapy
There are several schools of thought with noteworthy variations in psychotherapy. Psychoanalysis focuses on altering socially unacceptable behaviors and feeling through determining their drives and unconscious connotations. Behavior therapy stresses the role of learning in developing both normal and abnormal actions. Cognitive therapy stresses on what individuals think instead of what they do. Lastly, humanistic therapy focuses on the capacity of individuals to make sound judgments (Clark & David, 318-327).
Stigma associated with psychological disorders
Most individuals with mental illness are challenged on two fronts. While they struggle with the disabilities and symptoms that come with the illness, they are also confronted with the bias and stereotypes based on the fallacies about mental illness (Cheng, Hsiu-Lan et al. 98-111). Therefore, patients with mental illness are robbed of the opportunities that define a quality life.
Cheng, Hsiu-Lan, et al. “Racial and Ethnic Minority College Students’ Stigma Associated with Seeking Psychological Help: Examining Psychocultural Correlates.” Journal of Counseling Psychology, vol. 60, no. 1, 01 Jan. 2013, pp. 98-111.
Clark, David M. “Implementing NICE guidelines for the psychological treatment of depression and anxiety disorders: the IAPT experience.” International review of psychiatry 23.4 (2011): 318-327.