Adolescence refers to the time in which, from the beginning of adolescence to adulthood, a person undergoes physical and psychological development. At this point, people between the ages of thirteen and twenty-one are considered to be Puberty refers to biological changes, such as height and weight, that happen to a person in adolescence. The stage makes people capable of having infants. A kid will become a teenager while at puberty, making the change important. Puberty is a major part of an adolescent’s life. In some cultures, after going through some required rites of puberty, kids go straight to the life of an adult. The rites of adolescence are formal ceremonies marking the entry of young people into the life of an adult.
Adolescence is divided into three categories, for example, early adolescence, middle adolescence, as well as late adolescence. An adolescent’s development characteristics include physical, intellectual, emotional, as well as social development. The stage of early adolescences comprises of individuals of ages eleven to fourteen years. In this phase, both sexes experience body hair growth, increased perspiration, and production of oil in the air. Furthermore, they develop the capacity for abstract thought and struggle with a sense of identity. In the early adolescence stage, individuals feel awkward about their bodies. Girls grow breasts, hips, and experience on the set of menstruation. Besides, they experience increased peer group influence. In boys, growth is experienced in testicles and penis. Moreover, they experience wet dreams, weight and height gain, as well as deepening of the voice. Puberty is completed in the middle adolescence stage. In girls, physical development slows down while it continues for boys (Carroll, 2007).
Boys, as well as girls, undergo intellectual development. Also, they see the world in concrete terms when entering adolescence and rarely think about their future. Thus, this explains the inability of adolescents to reflect the consequences of their actions in the long run. By late adolescence, young people have learned to appreciate situations as well as ideas subtleties. In this stage, youngsters have sharpened capacity to solve problems which are complex. Older teens may apply newfound skills erratically since they are still relatively inexperienced in life.
Teenagers experience increased concern for independence as well as self-reliance. The quest to become independent is a regular part of development for teenagers. Furthermore, youngsters keep away from the parents. In some cases, they spend more time with friends and push the limits, yet they often feel conflicted about leaving home’s safety. Until now, the life of a child has revolved primarily around the family. The social circle goes ahead to include friendships with the opposite sex, same-sex and diverse social as well as ethnic group members. Ultimately, young people the capacity to form romantic relationships. Youngsters learn to express sexual advances, and those who do not go through such experiences may have a difficult time with relationships which are intimate when they become adults.
Teenagers enter and exit the stage of adolescence at different ages. Throughout the phase, youngsters can develop farther compared to others. Cognitive, emotional, as well as social development, catch up with physical development in late adolescence. Dr. Joseph Rauh asserts that the adolescences age range is being stretched to the twenties since more teenagers are receiving a formal education. Before the Second World War, the teenagers who finished high school were only about one in a group of four. At that time, teenagers worked full-time and married. Currently, the youngsters receiving high-school diplomas are three in a group of four. Furthermore, two in five graduates joined college.
At a time, adolescence can be confusing to the parents. They must contend with the inconsistent behavior of the children. For instance, sometimes teenagers accuse their parents of treating them like babies while others challenge authority figures. Besides, parents struggle with some conflicting emotions beyond knowing to anticipate the changing adolescence emotion currents. The pride parents feel as they see their youngsters come to be independent can be counteracted by a sense of displacement. Most parents feel hurt when their children rarely consent to be seen publicly with them. Parents ought to set limits to avoid power struggles. When adolescents feel overpowered in a power struggle, they tend to lose face. Moreover, the youngsters feel embarrassed, resentful, as well as bitter (Carroll, 2015).
During the adolescent years, an oedipal complex is common. Parents ought to acknowledge the physical changes as well as the attractiveness of children without crossing the boundaries set by parents and children. Besides, parents should be proud of the growth of the children into maturity. Some parents find the adolescents attractive since they look like them when at a younger age. Although such attraction is usual, it is inappropriate for the appeal of a parent to a child to cross boundaries. Inappropriately intimate behavior between a parent and an adolescent is contributed by the attraction that crosses boundaries.
Carroll, J. L. (2007). Sexuality now. Belmont, CA: Wadsworth/Thomson.
Carroll, J. L. (2015). Sexuality now: Embracing diversity. Cengage Learning.