The twenty-first century has seen an increase in technological inventions, some of which have had a positive impact on people’s lives, including the field of education. While students in colleges, high schools, and even universities use computers to improve their research and completion of assignments, tutors, educators, and professors also find that using technology and the internet to prepare lessons, set examinations, and grade papers is beneficial (Bers 14). Nonetheless, it is important to remember that technology has both benefits and drawbacks in society. People used to go to physical education classes three decades ago, as opposed to today’s world. Long-distance programs appear to be available at almost all universities around the world (Lei and Zhao 289). The structure of academia is such that people can only meet to graduate. Otherwise, enrolment, school fees payments, tutoring, conducting of examinations, and awarding of grades is done online. Life has become efficient and matters education practical with technology as an indispensable aide.
Apparently, technology is convenient when it comes to research. For instance, when students do not find academic material in the library because of outdated hardcopies, they can utilize the internet to solicit for current information, which is an application to their respective problems (LaRose, Mastro, and Eastin 402). The use of soft copies in forms of encyclopedia, textbook, and even journals makes research more comfortable, manageable, and convenient for academicians, whether at junior or advanced levels of study (Lei and Zhao 295). Though the authenticity of some academic material online could be not genuine or certified for the scholarly purpose, technology has enabled the availability of software like Encyclopedia Britannica to offer critical scrutiny in research.
On the other hand, globalization has taken the world by surprise, and all segments of life including global trade, politics, economics, diplomacy, culture, and education are interconnected through the internet and other forms of technology. In fact, people in one part of the country, continent, or state can communicate and share ideas with others through video conferencing, social media, or even mainstream media. Educators have yet found it comfortable and students alike, as the platform named Glovico can enable teachers to teach learners in different parts of the world at the same time, through a language translator in case of cross-cultural communication barriers (Bers 30). Meetings, seminars, and such critical corporate boardroom conventions are no longer compulsory since people can do the same things on computers that link them across the planet. Telecommuting is the act of doing work from home, as opposed to physically going to an office to work. Indeed, technology has helped save time wasted on a traffic jam, money lost on fuel, and too much time spent away from families. Technology has even enhanced other discoveries in the medical field, which has made human life better (Lei and Zhao 292). The aviation industry, the segment of ammunitions and warfare, as well as explorations and the study of the universe have been made efficient with technology. In essence, technology has made life more comfortable and the world a better place to belong.
For the younger school going children, technology has become an entertainment tool, while at the same time being engaged as a teaching apparatus. For instance, an instance of watching plain cartoons, teachers can offer educative programs to pupils without necessarily resorting to manual ways of teaching (LaRose, Mastro, and Eastin 404). A good example would entail lessons of counting, pronunciation, and other grammatical skills like spelling and punctuation (Lei and Zhao 289). Because of the enchanting and thrilling nature of computers and other supplementary forms of technology, children thrive in an environment that is well planned for academic advancement and hence better performance in school.
The negative effects of technology on humanity are apparently a social problem which cuts across the world populations. In fact, following the effects of globalization in the twenty-first century, the situation has worsened. For instance, other than her written and published work, one Hanna Rosin has been an extensively outspoken character about the effects of social media, especially the element of “sexting” among the current generation of teenagers, live on HuffPost under the topic “Why Kids Sext” (Rosin 389). The question of technology and teens even raise more concern, considering that many Instagram accounts have been revealed; as the medium through which adolescents share their nude tapes to the world. To this effect, Rosin writes, “I hoped to help figure out how parents and communities should respond,” in the Atlantic (Rosin 398). Self-esteem is the internal being of young people, and by far it defines the moral standing of an individual in the society and beyond. Consequently, the mode of behaving, talking, socializing and other forms of basic interaction is limited to self-esteem. While discussing self-esteem and how technology impacts today’s` world, it is not only essential to highlight sexting among the minors and how technology and sexuality affect diverse generations differently, but also vital to outline bullying and trauma among teens who use social media as well as how the medium has adversely influenced ethics and eating habits in the society.
Studies by Vogel et al. (2014) indicate that social media and related communication technologies are the primary cause of the decrease in personal confidence among teenagers in both the US and the UK (Vogel et al. 213). Barely one in every three students among girls is reported to have high self-esteem, as compared to three among seven boys. Consequently, only 33 percent of teenagers can be stated as confident of themselves and their lifestyle, as opposed to the massive 62 percent who do not confidently recognize what they stand for in the social arena as individuals (Vogel et al. 225). Among the many elements that affect the esteem of teenagers include the financial statuses of their respective families, lack of ability to meeting assignment datelines in school, as well as personal financial capabilities. Moreover, the peer pressure as well creates a new platform of influencing self-esteem, so that those who relate well with friends from better economic backgrounds feel more courageous to face issues in life, as opposed to teenagers who interact and share with their counterparts from the needy families (Rosin 456).
A literature review by Gonzales and Hancock (2011) shows that most girls and boys have lost their self-esteem and confidence to exclusively social media effects like bullying and sharing of pornographic literature (81). The images and nudity photos and videos quickly exchanged among teenagers on the internet are a significant factor that influences the behavior, character, and emotional stability of the adolescents negatively. Furthermore, the challenge of bullying has been a critical issue in the school setting. Nevertheless, unlike the former decades where technology was not a medium of communication, apparently, the internet plays a central role in fueling bullying (Gonzales and Hancock 82). It would be a typical experience for teenagers to leave the bad experiences of bullying and harassment once they get outside of their school gets, and while home they should experience the war and encouraging embrace of their families. Nevertheless, the access to the internet and hence social media communications has polarized the otherwise would-be considered a comforting zone for the adolescents. In fact, bullies persist online, so that the teenagers who are called offensive names get demoralized. For instance, adolescents who communicate with perpetrators online while at home, and hence face the abuses right in the midst of their parents and siblings. Moreover, social media influences poor dieting habits and unwelcome dress code among youth and adults alike. Therefore, technology has both its pros and cons in the society.
Bers, M. U. “Beyond Computer Literacy: Supporting Youth’s Positive Development through Technology.” New Directions for Youth Development, 2010.128 (2010): 13–23. Web.
Gonzales, Amy L., and Jeffrey T. Hancock. “Mirror, Mirror on My Facebook Wall: Effects of Exposure to Facebook on Self-Esteem.” Cyberpsychology, Behavior, and Social Networking 14.1–2 (2011): 79–83. Web.
LaRose, Robert, Dana Mastro, and Matthew S Eastin. “Understanding Internet Usage: A Social-Cognitive Approach to Uses and Gratifications.” Social Science Computer Review 19.4 (2001): 395–413. Web.
Lei, Jing, and Yong Zhao. “Technology Uses and Student Achievement: A Longitudinal Study.” Computers and Education 49.2 (2007): 284–296. Web.
Rosin, Hanna. “Why Kids Sext. Atlantic Monthly. 14.4 (2014).
Vogel, Erin A. et al. “Social Comparison, Social Media, and Self-Esteem.” Psychology of Popular Media Culture 3.4 (2014): 206–222. Web.