Technology is commonly how man applies scientific knowledge to solve problems. The problem ought to be communication, transport, learning, extraction of materials commonly known as mining, manufacturing, information security, scaling businesses and so on and so forth. Technology can be dangerous and harmful if utilized wrongly, while correct use of it definitely is very helpful.
Technologies can be divided into two groups; historical or medieval technology and modern technology. Ancient technology was once used mainly in the middle ages, at the commencement of learning. Amautas which means wise men formally educated royal instructions and a few specially chosen individuals.
The wise men covered philosophers, poets, and priests who imparted the knowledge of a people’s culture, history, customs and traditions throughout a kingdom. Modern technology is present day technics applied in learning. In the late 20th century, government, educators, and major employers issued a series of reports identifying key skills and implementation strategies to steer students and workers towards meeting the demands of the changing and increasingly digital workplace and society. This led to the application of innovation technology in learning, coupled with the scientific use of laboratories in major learning institutions and much more. The 21st century has in turn seen a series of higher-order skills, and other learning dispositions that have been identified as being required for success in society and workplaces by educators, business leaders, academics, and governmental agencies. Many of these are associated with deeper learning, analytic reasoning, complex problem solving and teamwork, unlike traditional knowledge-based academic skills.
In education and learning, technology aims at improving performance by creating and managing various technological processes and resources. As a discipline, it prepares individuals to acquire deeper understanding and knowledge. It helps them learn how to devise solutions to problems through research, design, evaluation and utilization. The technology used in education motivates students and encourages individual learning, it makes the access to educational material easy and above all students learn new subjects and languages through gamification.
It is highly expected that technology should be a good thing, that embracing modern scientific knowledge in learning should only give us positive results. All that is wrong because technology has as negative an influence on learning as it does have a positive influence.
Positive Effects of Technology on Learning
Technology has become a part and parcel of our everyday lives. A recent research in America reveals that an overwhelming 60% of American adults have a smartphone and 42% own either a desktop computer or a tablet. This shows that technology can be used in a classroom positively.
Tablets, apps, video and interactive whiteboards can be learning tools for students. They can also be supplementary teaching tools for educators by assisting educators to reinforce and expand on content. Interactive presentation tools and other audio-visual elements are a simple way to keep students actively engaged in lessons, as well as a means to keep one’s lessons fresh as a tutor.
Technology motivates students to learn. Most learners would feel stimulated and would be apt to learn when they could interact with hands-on learning tools, which are easily provided by various forms of educational technology. Students like technology and want to master it. Learning to use it enhances the self-esteem of students and makes then excited about going to school. Tools like tablets and laptops encourage interactive and hands-on learning.
Children are very different from one another. Children learn at different paces and integrating technology into a classroom helps students learn at rates comfortable to them and that can allow them to retain information. It also helps free a teacher’s time so they can give students who need extra guidance or assistance the attention they require.
Technology provides additional resources for students in form of educational apps, search engines, videos, portable technologies and interactive activities provide students with a nearly endless supply of information and resources. Online video and graphics, online lesson plans and education apps all support endless (24/7) learning among students. The school learning prepares children for the future hence it is very important to incorporate technology in the classroom. Technology continues to evolve over the years and the changes should be parallel with teachers’ lesson plans and learning techniques of children and classrooms.
Negative influence of technology on learning
There can surely be negative results from inappropriate and overuse of technology and this can have serious consequences. Below are some of the ways technologies have negatively affected modern day learning. Psychology studies have revealed that technology changes the way children think. This changes how children brain works example the use of video games may condition the brain to pay attention to multiple stimuli can lead to distraction and decreased memory.
Following the above discussion, it is clear that the positives of technology in learning far outweigh the negatives and hence we cannot conclusively rule out that technology is a negative influence on learning.