The state of Israel was originally known as Judah and Israel, and it was also known as Palestine. Several religions, including Judaism and Christianity, were founded in this region. Many historical events occurred in ancient Israel, and they were recorded in order to be used for sacred purposes in the future. Initially, this area was solely owned by Jews, but over time, other ethnic groups such as Arabs and the Roman Empire came to dominate.
In the fourth century, the Roman Empire agreed to follow Christian religion, which culminated in Christianity’s supremacy for three centuries. Thereafter, the Roman Empire was involved in a 5-year conflict with Arab and the Arab Empire took over. The Arab dominated Israel but conflict aroused again resulting in the two Empires constantly fighting for power. This marked the beginning of battles whereby two rival movements were established, Zionism and Arab National Movement respectively. These movements claimed for their respective rights and resulted in Arab-Jewish tensions but eventually, Jews gained independence and called out for any Jew who had run away to migrate back to their land. The Jewish in Israel are the biggest Jewish community worldwide.

Political Economy

After the World War II, several Jewish people had survived the holocaust but most had lost their people in the war. Therefore they feared going back to Eastern Europe. However, the Holocaust survivors were later on killed during pogroms resulting to other survivors moving to the West. They occupied the European countries and eventually established a Jewish residence in Palestine. The rate of employment increased as employees commented on the subsequent expansion of their labor wages. However, the government of Israel failed massively in the establishment of capitalism but instead concentrated on monopoly. The monopoly capitalism led to rising of surplus which was as a result of lowered costs and raised prices. The capital contained massive components which were not able to support steady rates of making profits but in the contrary resulted in inflation.

Furthermore, the idea generators found it hard to give in to capitalism completely because of selfishness. The private entities were not able to receive the full charge over Israel’s economy. The government unwisely chose to lean on spending much on the increased employment and paid less attention to the growth of businesses. This was political and was based majorly on personal interest. The government was oblivious to see what the future of Israel would look like and the results can now be seen as the modern Israel is still struggling to achieve international economic stability.

Israel Demographics

The latest demographic profile which was acquired in 2017 shows that the total population of inhabitants of Israel which is 8,174,527. This is inclusive of the Israelites who live on the eastern side of Jerusalem as well as the Golan Heights. According to sex and age distribution, there are 1,106,946 and 1,159,980 male and female respectively with ages from birth to 14 years. This represents 27.73% of the total population. Between the ages, 15 and 24 are 648,199 and 620,218 male and female respectively with a percentage of 15.52. Furthermore, the group of ages 25 to 54 is the largest with 37.15%, the male and female population being 1,552,754 and 355,382 respectively. Age groups range from 55 to 64 years and those over 65 years take 8.51% and 11.09% respectively.

Resources Available

The general climate of Israel and its landscape nature has encouraged production of different resources including both agricultural and natural resources. The mineral mined include bromide, copper, phosphates, clay, potash, and manganese. The refining of some of the minerals has resulted in the production of helpful products hence earning the country revenue. This has also promoted industrialization, for example, the mineral health/ skin care industry which is established and well known worldwide. Additionally, agricultural activities have expanded due to technology and establishment of irrigational schemes in the country. This is despite the major arid climate in Israel which is unconducive for agriculture. The agricultural products include sugar, cocoa, meat, coffee, oilseeds, and grain.

Political Structure of Israel

The Israelite government is democratic comprising of three branches; judicial, legislative and executive. The state is instituted by the judiciary, government, parliament, and presidency. The separation of powers is the principle used in this system. All the governmental confidence is subjected to the parliamentary decision making and the constitution approves the judicial independence. The president is overall above the three governmental branches.

Greatest Challenges and Future Outlook

Israel has recently portrayed a massive economic growth whereby during the 2015 last quarter, the GDP growth was rated at 2.5% and this was remarkable. The main factor contributing to the growth in household expenditure. However, Israel has experienced economic challenges such as the state budget experiencing political hindrances for its approval and also the world trade experiencing contractions alongside the slow growth of the global economy. The future outlook of Israel general appears more vigilant and prosperous because the recent achievements have surpassed those of major developed countries in the world.

Personal Take

I have learned that Israel is a fertile ground for any productivity, social, political and economic. If I would rule Israel, I would first ensure that capitalism is stable and work hard to clear up ethical boundaries. This is because development is acquired when people unite and ideas generated. I would promote peace by cautiously establishing alliances with other countries and discouraging weapon technology in Israel.

Work Cited

Gasiorowski, Mark. The Government and Politics of the Middle East and North Africa. Hachette UK, 2016.

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