Criminal Justice System

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Reasonable suspicion can be described as a practical belief that an offence or crime will be, is being or was committed. Reasonable suspicion is based on situations or beliefs that vary depending on the level of trip and training of a police officer. Probable cause, on the other hand, is a belief that a crime is being, was once or will be committed and is supported by logical circumstances and facts. Reasonable suspicion lets in a police officer to question, stop and search a person. Probable cause allows the police to attain a search warrant an arrest a person.
Question 2
The U.S constitution provides that a person shall not be compelled to be a witness against himself (Dressler, Thomas, and Dressler 533). The statement is interpreted to mean that are free from giving self-incriminating testimony. Miranda rights should be read to a person when he/she is in custody of or when about to be questioned by the police. Custody is where a person is detained involuntarily, arrested the traditional way and placed in unfamiliar or hostile surroundings. Interrogation, is defined as actions or words by the police that may lead to an incriminating response.

Question 3

The major differences between the two courts are found in the judges, juries, witnesses and exhibits. Trial courts are where cases begin and both sides in a dispute present their exhibits and witnesses (Gaines and Miller 255). No evidence or witnesses are presented in the appellate court. The trial court has one judge. The judge decides makes decisions as to which evidence can and cannot be used and also determines the case. The appellate court has more than one judge to decide an appeal. The other major difference between the two courts is that the appellate court focuses on the questions regarding law while the trail court focuses on facts.

Works Cited

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Dressler, Joshua, George C. Thomas, and Joshua Dressler. Criminal Procedure: Investigating Crime. St. Paul, Minn: Thomson West, 2006. Internet resource.

Gaines, Larry, and Roger Miller. Criminal Justice In Action. [S.L.], Wadsworth, 2016,.

Rennison, Callie M, and Mary Dodge. Introduction to Criminal Justice: Systems, Diversity, and Change. , 2016. Print.

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