Anthropological research has emerged during the last few decades as a crucial foundation of public nutrition research. Therefore, dieticians have a framework to use when addressing concerns related to food and nutrition. On the other hand, anthropology has aided dietitians in expanding their understanding of food systems and various social dynamics resulting from the observation of certain eating behaviors. The writers of this essay discuss how dietitians might use numerous anthropological principles in their work. Additionally, the topic covers the various approaches to applying anthropological principles to nutrition as stated to help dietitians understand how to embrace anthropology. At the end of the discussion, this paper has offered a coherent summary about how dietitians attempt to apply principles of anthropology in their work could help people improve their eating behaviors as well as the benefits they would get from eating nutritious foods.
AAA.”Principles of Professional Responsibility .” Ethics Blog. November 1, 2012.
In this paper, several principles of professional responsibility are described. One of the principles which the author of the article has addressed is the principle of responsibility. The author gives a coherent discussion about how anthropologists work in different situations by involving people in their undertakings. One of the aspects of integration discussed in this paper is the inclusion of subjects of an anthropological research to avoid interviewing individuals out of their free will. Another element which is presented in this paper is the principle of protecting client’s records. The author of this article addresses the urge to keep safe and confidential information about their clients.
Danish, S. J. “Developing helping relationships in dietetic counseling.” Journal of the
American Dietetic Association. August 1975.
In this article, several helping relationships are discussed. The author of this paper addresses the need to interact with clients in a manner that does not cause misunderstanding between the dietitian and his/her client. The dietitian is portrayed as the person who is supposed to initiate the development of a healthy relationship with his/her client. Furthermore, the paper describes some benefits which are enjoyed by both the dietitian and his/her client during the development of a healthy relationship. For instance, the dietitian will get an easy time dealing with clients since he/she will have prior knowledge about his/her client’s health information. On the other hand, clients will get proper prescriptions for their food and nutrition issues since the dietitians will have an appropriate understanding of their health problems.
Eat right. Code of Ethics for the Profession. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2016
In this paper, the addresses the ethical issues which are supposed to be observed not only by dietitians but by every other field of profession. One of the major codes of ethics to be noted is the keeping safe of client’s records. The dietitians are supposed to be trained in such a way that they understand the need and importance of observing the different code of conduct during their undertakings. Client’s records are supposed to be stored in a way that they are the only people who are entitled to access their nutrition information. It is therefore clear that this paper talks about the code of ethics which dietitians are supposed to observe.
Hockings, Paul. Principles of Visual Anthropology. de Gruyter Mouton, 2012.
In this paper, the several principles of anthropology are discussed. In the article, there is a coherent description of such policies as functional relationships. The author talks about the importance of forming a healthy relationship between anthropologists and their clients. Furthermore, there is a coherent discussion of safekeeping of research records conducted by the anthropologists. Also, include in the debate is the inclusion of the subjects of research during the performing of surveys and study about different behaviors of human beings.
There are several ways in which dietitians can apply principles of anthropology in their career. Whereas anthropology is concerned with the social and cultural life of humans, nutrition is concerned with human behaviors on eating styles and habits. It is clear that both nutrition principles and anthropology principles have gained from each other such that one cannot exist in the absence of the other. Furthermore, it is worthwhile to review the mutual benefits of the two fields to help us understand and analyze the potential benefits of principles of anthropology to the human diet. Therefore, there is a need for dietitians to use some principles of anthropology since their primary work is to improve the health status of people through giving them advice about food and nutrition.
Principle of Responsibility
Dietitians should apply the principle of responsibility by including others in their undertakings. The policy of inclusion is one of the major tenets of anthropology. For instance, dietitians should involve people through programs like educating people about such things as cooking own food. The education should be two-way education systems where people are told about the benefits which may come around when an individual prepares his/her food. The people, on the other hand, should provide information about their eating habits so that the dietitian can prescribe them what to change and what to add to their eating behavior. During the program, it would be good for dietitians to address such things as improvement of humans’ body immunity when they eat well-cooked food. Moreover, the dietitians should also address the problems which come as a result of eating food which has not been well cooked. Some of the issues which he/she may give much attention are such critical conditions as cancer and obesity. The nutrition awareness should cut across people of all ages since food nutrition is a matter that concerns people from all social status. For instance, there is a need for dietitians to educate lactating mothers on the maximum and minimum period of breastfeeding in an attempt to make them understand the health benefits got by children who breastfeed well.
Another aspect of principle of anthropology is including different participants in anthropological researchers. Under this policy, dietitians should apply involve people in questionnaire filling about the importance of table and table manners. Under the research, things such as the kind of food people eat; ways of preparing food, how to serve the food as well as how people should eat should be the primary areas of attention. Dietitians should, therefore, borrow this principle in a way to educate people about the conditions of preparing healthy like to always maintain cleanliness in the kitchens to avoid contact with stomach diseases. They should also offer directives on how to have healthy deserts like fruits to help people live a healthy life. Many people are still in the dark in regards to the timing of eating their meals. The research should also ask people why they maintain daily eating routines. After analyzing the findings, dietitians should come with a way to educate people by providing empirical evidence that different times of eating do not have any impact on the health status of people. Therefore, dietitians should give clear understanding to people who observe daily eating routines due to their belief that having lunch at noon is more robust than having it at any other time. It is, therefore, necessary for dietitians to apply the principle of including people in their research to address such things as table manners during their undertakings.
Furthermore, dietitians must apply the aspect of inclusion in their work to address different aspects of conspicuous digestion in their undertakings. In this element which is not often understood by people, rich foods are consumed during grand occasions in people’s lives. Although this principle is not a necessity of good eating habit, it helps those who do not have the capability of having the highly nutritious meals to at least organize some significant days when they would eat the most nutritious foods. In a way, the custom will help improve the health status of people from all ethnic backgrounds. Furthermore, they would have a happy time with other people through the sharing of the prepared delicious, healthy foods. There is, therefore, the need for dietitians to educate people on such matters to reduce malnutrition to people from the minor economic class. It is thus the responsibility of dietitians to include everyone in its undertakings.
Principle of Protecting Clients Records
Dietitians should also apply the principle of protecting client’s records in their work. Under this principle, client’s files are supposed to be confidential documents. No individual is supposed to access a client’s nutrition information. It is, therefore, the work of dietitians to apply this principle in their career to help individual’s documents remain confidential. The documents should be kept in safe storage unless the client gives the command of making his/her diet information public.
Principle of Obtaining Consent and Permission
Another principle which dieticians should apply is the obtaining of consent and permission to research a particular behavior among individuals. Dietitians should conduct their research to people who voluntarily offer themselves as subjects of nutritional research. The signing of consensus with people should be a continuous negotiation throughout a study to avoid breaching the memorandum of understanding between dietitians and their subjects.
Finally, dietitians should apply the principle of moral behaviors in eating habits. Under this principle, people are held accountable for the consumption of any harmful product as addressed by anthropologists. Although in this principle, there are several limitations like the lack of food to people from humble backgrounds; dietitians should make people aware of the importance of having a variety of foods on their menus. They should also offer alternatives for those who see the availability of different foods as the major setback to their limited eating habits. People should be made aware of cheaper alternatives to help them update their menu an act which would bXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX Furthermore, consumption of drugs fall under the principle of different morals where any negative impact is addressed by the dietitian in a way to help people stop such behaviors.
In conclusion, it is clear that there is a need for dietitians to embrace some principles of anthropology in their undertakings. Some of the principles discussed in this paper are seen to help improve the health status of people. The change in the health status of people as seen in this work is as a result of consuming a variety of foods which have different nutritional value. The increased number of people who currently pay keen attention to what dietitians advocate for is an advantage for the nutritionist to convey their message about proper eating habits. Therefore, it is evident that there are several ways in which dietitians can apply anthropology to their career.
AAA.”Principles of Professional Responsibility.” Ethics Blog. November 1, 2012.
American Dietetic Association. August 1975.
Danish, S. J. “Developing helping relationships in dietetic counseling.” Journal of the American Dietetic Association. August 1975.
Eat right. Code of Ethics for the Profession. Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. 2016.
Hockings, Paul. Principles of Visual Anthropology. de Gruyter Mouton, 2012.