African American Slavery effects

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Freedom is a costly possession; it has been described as one of humanity’s greatest passions since its creation on Earth. Any society grows and thrives in the presence of the availability of societal rights. Verme (2009) describes formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized formalized As a result, the rights of citizenship are enshrined in the constitutions of the vast majority of the world’s countries. However, history has demonstrated that a small group of individuals has been robbed of this precious possession on many occasions, and these types of deprivation are based on a number of factors. Slavery is one of the most prevalent modes of denial of rights. Slavery has been defined as a condition where humans are owned by other individuals who have purchased or inherited them. Hence the owners of these slaves hold the exclusive right to control them regarding where they live, where they work and making a chunk of their lifestyle decisions. The African American slavery remains one of the most dominant and largest forms of slavery have been witnessed in history. Even with the abolition of this form of slavery the act still leaves memories in the minds of blacks, and have a couple of effects on the black descendants and our world as a whole. Hence this study is developed to provide a vivid description of the effects of the African American slavery, and at the end, the study will provide a conclusion, to sum up, important ideas featuring in the study.

African American slavery was a legal institution in the United States between the 18th and 17th century was shortly after the attainment of its independence from British colonial rule. The act legalized the sales and ownership of members of the black race and when such people are sold their owners retains an exclusive right to determine what to do with such slave. The practice witnessed an immense act of violence perpetrated against the blacks, a group of people who were shipped into America from African, (Nunn and Wantchekon, 2011). There is need to begin by looking at the effects of slavery the enslaved families. The effects of the act still live on, and they include broken families; these persons have been carried away from their families and loved ones in African and where ship to America most of them never had the chance of saying goodbye. The trend also continued upon they arrival in America. The enslaved blacks had no opportunity of experiencing a secured family life. This was based on the notion that black slaves were the properties of the Lords and could not be allowed the chances of legal marriage. There wasn’t any right to live or stay together, the permission to own or raise children was either withheld or limited. A standard feature for the enslaved was a situation where children and parents to live apart. Hence a total break of family ties, illiteracy was also a standard feature among the enslaved black community at the time; Education was not a luxury they could afford at the time, (Nunn, 2008).

The act of slavery in America which was directly pretreated at the Black continued for several decades hence that effects of such act of violence and discrimination also continued. It was a situation characterized by broken traditions. The Africans who were shipped over for slavery already had nationalities and religious origin however upon their arrival their nationality and religion was abandoned leading to an entire loss of origin. Irrespective of how hard working these slaves were, they engaged in forms of unpaid labor. These slavery were in the heart of the development of America has the made enormous human resources contribution, they were made to work daily from morning till night and pregnant women were made to return to work just shortly after giving birth to children. Another key feature present during the era of slavery was broken legacy. Most of the enslaved families ended up divided as inheritance whenever their owners died. Hence it was impossible to build long-lasting legacies, (Hines, and Boyd-Franklin, 2005).

This period was characterized surge in mortality rate among the black community. History recorded that more than half of the blacks died as infants before they could attain the age of one. The high mortality rates were primarily because of the harsh social and economic conditions available to the slaves during that era. Records show that these fugues posed by the mortality rate were almost double that of the white community. Irrespective of the fact that black mortality rates increased for children above the ages of one, it was never a match with that of the white community. Good numbers of black slaves were enlisted into the Union army, and most of them also lost their lives during the war. One of the most horrible effects of slavery was the act of sexual abuse that was regularly perpetrated against black women. The body of a black woman is said to be a possession of her owner hence she had no rights to resist any form of sexual abuse. (Lovejoy, 2011).

After a deep consideration of the effects of slavery on African American, there is need to also look at the effects of slavery on the economic and social development of the United States of America. During the era of the African American slavery, the United States made a remarkable contribution to the overall production and sales of tobacco, and the slaves were the primary producers of this commodity. Major locations of tobacco plantation were in the fields of Mary land and Virginia. They also made an enormous contribution the rice and indigo plantation located in the southern parts of California. America made huge amounts of revenue from the production and sales of cotton between the 1733 and 1800 most of the proceeds of this trade were used for development projects in the country. However, the labor force of this plantation was predominantly African American slaves. Records have proven that blacks slave drove the then American economy as about 1.8 million of the 2.5 million enslaved blacks were employed in the agricultural sector of the United States, (Marable, 2015). Aside those who worked as farmers on plantations others worked as at homes of whites in different cities across America, their roles included dress makers, butlers, maids, and launderers. Other black American slaves were fully engaged in the development of the America transport system as they worked as carriage drivers, hostlers, and stable boys. As the country began to grow and urbanize the blacks also worked in urban areas as the about 10% of the African-American slaves lived in cities and were used as the primary labor force in such cities such as Charleston, Savannah, Mobile, Philadelphia, New York Richmond’s and new Orleans. A vivid analysis of the then US economy provides a clear view of the positive effects of the human resources provided by African slaves to the then US economy. The plantations were a major part of the US trading system and were nationally recognized as a contributor to the US economy. For example, the cotton plantation was responsible for the economic outputs of the south; offer added values to the overall outcome of the American economy. The American economic and financial system of that era also depended on the cotton produced by slaves and so was exported to the British textile mill hence the cotton plantation that was dominated by black labor force was a major source of foreign exchange for the then US economy. The effects of the African America slave trade also spread across the several sectors of the US economy a very significant example was its contribution to the American banking industry. The banks at the time could issue loans by slave collaterals. This action created a surge in the availability of funds for economic growth and developments. (Higgs,1977).

The effects of African slavery also led to the development of the famous civil rights movement known as the African American civil right member. Black civil right activist developed the campaign in a bid to eradicate slavery and all forms of discrimination and inhuman treatments that were dished out by the then American society on the black community. The black community at the time of the creation of the movement was faced with maltreatment and experiencing all forms of discriminations. Hence the movement was based on the goal of attaining equity for blacks regarding economic political and social rights. It was this movement that led to the acceptance of the blacks as members of the American community and offering equal rights to the blacks as obtained by the whites. The movement has since then served as a role model for other black civil right movements across the globe. However, the development and the activities of this movement were based on the adverse social political and economic effects of slavery in America, (Hall, 2005).

There is need to conclude by stating that history will never be silent on the tales of the event that took place during the era of slavery and slave trades in the United States of America. These stories will continue to be told from generation to generation. It will be told of how men and women were shipped from their continent to a new place where they were made to live a life of servitude. Slavery was a major phenomenon that shaped so many activities in our world today As we look back to see adverse effects of the injustice perpetrated on one race another, we must be keen enough to lessons, and we must take clues as to the importance of the need for equity in the every human society. As we also look back at the event and effects of American slavery, we should have in mind that the black offered enormous sacrifices and contributions our current national wealth and development. Hence we must learn to adopt these virtues of hard work and sacrifice and reject all acts of decimations against people regardless of their age religion and race.

Reference

Lovejoy, P. E. (2011). Transformations in slavery: a history of slavery in Africa (Vol. 117).

Cambridge University Press.

Hall, J. D. (2005). The long civil rights movement and the political uses of the past. The Journal

of American History, 91(4), 1233-1263.

Higgs, R. (1977). Competition and coercion: Blacks in the American economy 1865-1914 (Vol.

163). CUP Archive.

Hines, P. M., & Boyd-Franklin, N. (2005). African American families. Ethnicity and family

therapy, 3, 87-100.

Marable, M. (2015). How capitalism underdeveloped Black America: Problems in race, political

economy, and society. Haymarket Books.

Nunn, N. (2008). The long-term effects of Africa’s slave trades. The Quarterly Journal of

Economics, 123(1), 139-176.

Nunn, N., & Wantchekon, L. (2011). The slave trade and the origins of mistrust in Africa. The

American Economic Review, 101(7), 3221-3252.

Verme, P. (2009). Happiness, freedom and control. Journal of Economic Behavior &

Organization, 71(2), 146-161.

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