Adolescent well-being is improved by communicating at university and using social media.

J. Ahn (August 26, 2011). Current hypotheses and debates on the impact of social networking sites on adolescent social and academic growth. 62, no. 8, 1435-1445, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology.
The youth are heavy users of social networking platforms, spending a significant amount of time on them. Interacting on social media is pleasurable for adolescents. However, there are concerns and debates about the effects of social networking sites on children and adolescents’ growth. The article examines the theoretical mechanisms in which various researchers attempted to understand better social media interactions and how they influence children’s lives. The text addresses privacy, youth safety, social capital, educational achievement and psychological well-being concepts. Additionally, the article mentions the longitudinal studies and cross-section analysis as important tools in addressing challenges children face online.

The source is valuable as it provides realistic and education information. The article has good examples to support its arguments. Information from this text is reliable due to the real life examples thus making it objective. Social media is becoming a dominant phenomenon, and millions of children are hiding behind social media. The author intended to inform the readers that spending more time on social media is harmful to the physical, emotional, social and cognitive development in children.

The article fits well with the current research and will be useful in supporting arguments. The negative effects of social media are present and are hard to ignore. The social media negative effective outweighs its benefits and will help significantly in the citation in the research easy.

Katz, A. (2012). Cyberbullying and e-safety: What educators and other professionals need to know. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

One young man commented that it was impossible to die without his ‘Blackberry.’ The comment summed up the current generation of young people who increasingly use the mobile phones and the internet in their daily routine. The young people find fun and make friends online. However, cyberbullying is rife and is affecting young people aged between 10-19 years. Cyberbullying causes unhappiness, anxiety and mental complications. In extreme cases, the victims commit suicide.

The book is compelling and offers an up-to-date account of the ever-changing cyberbullying problem. The phenomenon takes different forms, and it has varied impacts between girls and boys of different ages. The text concluded a survey of over 8000 children and teenagers. The author provides the revealing account of how children view social media and cyberbullying. Cyberbullying and E-safety explains a detailed world where emerging technologies such as iPod and iPhones completely changed and transformed the online behavior. The authorities require new and improve approach towards e-safety and the entire cyberbullying problem. The author introduced models that are youth-led and gender-appropriate which can assist in cyber education in the world today. One of the approaches is the 3-tier model that comprised of universal e-safety education strategies. The approach would offer advice and intensive support to the vulnerable children. Katz, in her book, outlined the school-wide model that can play an integral role in preventing and responding to cases of children, teenagers, and teachers experiencing cyber-bullying. The school-wide program offers a fertile ground for guidance and tools to be implemented during lesson plans.

The book is useful for the teachers, youth workers, and educators and all professionals that deal with children affairs. The text offers relevant information to my research due to the scientific data. The book is proof that social media have a negative impact on children and the arguments in the book are valid.

Litwiller, B. J., & Brausch, A. M. (January 01, 2013). Cyber Bullying and Physical Bullying in Adolescent Suicide: The Role of Violent Behavior and Substance Use. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 5, 675-684.

Suicide ranks third as the leading cause of deaths among young people aged between 10 and 24 in the United States. In recent years, the rate of adolescent suicide increased creating a lot of concern from the parents and government. Researchers gained interest in the subject. Many of the findings show that cyber-bullying and such stressful environmental increases suicide risks. Bullying occurs in different forms and varied prevalence rates. Bullying can either be verbal, physical, relational or cyber. Each type of bullying potentially increases suicidal thoughts and behavior in victims. Rejection by peers and bullying triggers the psychological and other sequences of events that lead to suicidal tendencies. The article indicated that harmful externalizing behavior might develop during adolescence. Substance use and violent behavior are major elements that mediate effects of physical and cyber-bullying.

The aim of the author is to advise the parents not to allow children spend too much of their time on social media and the internet. The article presents reliable information that will be essential in the completion of current research. The article highlights the effects of bullying whether physical or emotional leading to suicidal thoughts. The article is very objective and not biased. The scientific research backed up the argument in the article thus increasing its reliability.

References

Ahn, J. (August 26, 2011). The effect of social network sites on adolescents’ social and academic development: Current theories and controversies. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 62, 8, 1435-1445.

Katz, A. (2012). Cyberbullying and e-safety: What educators and other professionals need to know. London: Jessica Kingsley Publishers.

Litwiller, B. J., & Brausch, A. M. (January 01, 2013). Cyber Bullying and Physical Bullying in Adolescent Suicide: The Role of Violent Behavior and Substance Use. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 42, 5, 675-684.

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