Adolescent Males’ Recidivism Rate in Georgia Program Analysis

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Youth who adopt pessimistic views of the justice system are more likely to be involved in criminal activity. When people are connected to the legal system, they believe that it is legitimate to comply with the decrees. In the other hand, they feel free to breach the law if they perceive the structure to be less genuine. Such negative approaches to the legal system increase the rate of offense among young people and adults. It is still not clear if the impact of a young person’s approach to the judiciary would evolve over time. Teenagers, just like mature individuals, base their rightfulness boldness on the accumulation of personal or mediated understandings with the justice system. Youths who view the justice system as unfair will engage in felonious crimes, delinquencies, and recidivating and rule irreverent patterns.

Research shows that non-white individuals have a more undesirable approach toward the law than white people. Relative to white youth, non-white ones may face more substantial public observing, strong endorsements, and unreasonably excellent justice system association. Few studies have traced the progress of justice system approaches by race, and none has scrutinized racial disparities in the power of the relation between outlooks and wrongdoings. The contemporary research aims to discover whether the outcome of attitude on aberrant conduct changes over the course of 2.5 years after the youth’s first judgment and whether there are cultural variances in the arrays of association.

One reliable discovery across ethnic groups shows that the mutual relations between attitudes and crime, as well as between positions and rearrests deteriorate through periods. Youthful offenders thus may accustom or get used to communications with the justice system. The study showed that, immediately after youth’s first arrests, outlooks concerning the lawfulness of the order, are associated with both their criminal actions and their probability of rearrests. All teens, however, 2.5 years after their first arrest, attitudes are no longer prognostic of wrong behavior or rearrests. Delinquents, whose first detention ensue earlier in life, are at high threat of lasting offending in future (Fine, 2017). This study is valid on my topic, ‘Program Analysis of Adolescent Males’ Recidivism rate in Georgia’, since it will help understand their attitudes early in their criminal career when they may still be vulnerable to change and improve interferences to lessen juvenile crimes.

Part 11

The research was dedicated on finding out the upsurge of recidivism rate of adolescent males in Georgia, regardless of rehabilitation plans being present. The target group was young male individuals in their teen years. This research question is consistent with the article title, ‘Is the effect of justice system attitudes on recidivism stable after youths’ first arrest? Race and legal socialization among first-time youth offenders’, as they both focus on the attitude of young offenders on justice system on their first arrest. Among the origins of recidivism, the problem of reintegration was identified. Lack of support and direction after rehabilitation thus adolescents are not examined and guided till maturity (Baglivio, 2016). Another problem is lack of interventions such as; deterrence, discipline, therapeutic programs. Counseling and its variants, skill-building programs, surveillance and multiple coordinated services. The penalties endorsed are not suitable for the crimes thus encourage the repeat of offenses. This research intents at progressing the scholarly knowledge on; the Georgia juvenile point system, how to aptly discipline, and ways to condense programs to reduce recidivism amongst the male adolescent populace, aged 13-16 years. Present literature botched to explain why young males were persistent to recidivism. The research was steered on the analysis of adolescent males’ recidivism rate. Spontaneous consideration, and perception of juvenile judges, probation officers, and adult male offenders through an in-depth interview, was amassed with a recent study, with the aim of getting to know why young males advanced in committing crimes. The research purpose was to provide proof of the necessity to instantly address Georgia juvenile point system and targets to disclose the influence of rehabilitation programs on the scheme. The qualitative research design adheres to highpoint the inadequacy of existing programs and official sanctions and the judges will be cross-examined on similar topics. The study will pinpoint some of the concrete and ineffectual mechanisms of the current policies to perceive how they support best practices in addressing the deterrence of juvenile recidivism. The study also intends to investigate whether the penalties and rehab measures work. It shall also discuss how the ‘slap on the risk’ only safeguards the youths from sentencing and not from destructive behavior (The Georgia Council on Criminal Justice Reform, 2017).

Part 111

Other than the issue of rehabilitation and lack of interventions, another problem that can lead to recidivism is racial/ethnic differences. The research was done on the racial/ethnic disparities in the longitudinal outlines of youths’ attitudes and the joint associations between youth’s attitudes and their felonious mannerisms and rearrests in the 2.5 years following their first arrest. The approach involves four major procedures. First; attitude development was tracked over the 2.5 years after the first arrest of white, Latino and black youth. Trajectories were separated for those rearrested and not rearrested. The second was examining the longitudinal reciprocal effects of attitudes on offending overtime for the full sample, then individually by the racial/ethnic group. Third, attitude development was tracked over time by race/ethnicity. Finally, reciprocal effects of attitudes on rearrests over time were determined for the full sample, then individually by racial group. The sample size was 1.216 male juvenile offenders, aged thirteen to seventeen, at standard from the Crossroads Study. Results showed that there are race/ethnicity-specific effects on the progress of new offenders’ attitude toward the system and the bidirectional relations between youth’s attitudes on both reoffending and rearrests. After 2.5 years after first detention, findings were that white youth’s attitudes toward the system remain largely stable. In contrast, black youth’s perspective grew more negative over time for those rearrested, and those not had stable attitudes. Latinos who self-reported engaging in offenses developed more negative attitude compared to those who did not self-report. The current findings suggest a window of opportunity soon after the offender’s first arrest during which justice systems arbiters’ impressions on youth may be important and protective against subsequent offending. For young offenders’ dealings with the justice system at first, it is critical (Adam Fine, 2016).

, Another problem is the environment. Impact of social media, as well as fruitless use of leisure time and aberrant peer relations, also lead to reoffending. There are various ills endorsed on social media, and the young people are so absorbed with it that they tend to influence each other in practicing what they see. The issue of mental health is also a key contributor to recidivism. Youngsters with psychological problems tend to get involved over and over again in criminal offenses since they are not in their right state of mind to make serious decisions. Young male masculinity attracts in them a false presumption that they can be “cool” if they do somewhat stupid stuff. In the process, they end up breaking the law (Elena Ortega-Campos, 2016).

Part IV

Progress. Since the previous entry, there have been changes done to strengthen my writings. Importance of clear, thoughtful wiring has been stressed, and I have been taught to express myself better on paper. Also, selection and narrowing a topic, critiquing the first draft and issues of plagiarism were made clear.

Problems. The problems I have faced with this course and in developing research questions and approach for my project include; topic apathy whereby, most of the topics I figure out sound less appealing. Broad issues is another issue. Most of the chosen subjects are so vast thus summarizing has been tasking, as compared to the less broad ones (Jamison, 2012).

Plans. The challenges I expect to resolve to include; finding study participants, choosing the right topic and methodology and also, staying motivated and working towards my plan.

References

Adam Fine, C. C. (2016). The Role of Peer Arrests on the Development of Youths’ Attitudes. Law and Human Behavior, 8.

Baglivio, M. T. (2016, March 5). The Relationship Between Adverse Childhood Experiences and Recidivism. Retrieved from https://johnjayrec.nyc/2016/03/05/ijotcc2016/

Elena Ortega-Campos, J. G.-G.-F. (2016). Identifying Risk and Protective Factors in Recidivist Juvenile Offenders: A Decision Tree Approach. PLOS ONE TENTH ANNIVERSARY.

Fine, A. C. (2017, April 17). Is the effect of justice system attitudes on recidivism stable after youths’ first arrest? Race and legal socialization among first-time youth offenders. Retrieved from http://psycnet.apa.org/record/2017-04384-001

Jamison, E. (2012, JANUARY 1). 7 Research Challenges (And how to overcome them). Retrieved from https://www.waldenu.edu/connect/newsroom/publications/articles/2010/01-research-challenges

The Georgia Council on Criminal Justice Reform. (2017, February 21). A series of policy recommendations to address the challenges in Georgia’s criminal justice system. Retrieved from https://csgjusticecenter.org/jr/georgia/publications/report-of-the-georgia-council-on-criminal-justice-reform/

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