About Ivan Pavlov

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Ivan Pavlov is depicted as a principled person who does what he is passionate about. He was admitted to religious school at his young age and later in a theological seminar to follow the steps of his father, a village priest, who was (Fields, 2006). However, as this was not part of his passion, he left theological studies at the age of 21, following D’s inspiration. I. Pisarev, an eminent Russian critic of literature, and I. M. Sechenov, who was the father of physiology in Russia (Todes, 2000). He then enrolled a mathematics and physics faculty and he took a course in natural science. In this field, he had passion and felt inspired. This courage of abandoning father’s life and following his heart was one of the major reason that made me select him. Further, him being in the field of my passion, I know he can set a good role model. His curiosity made him successful in carrying out plenty of researches in physiological field that are eminent up to date. His work can be reviewed at any time.

View of the Work

Ivan Pavlov is one of the characters who have changed the view of this world largely through his work. In science, he is able to prove possibility of various principles that were seen as mere imaginations (“Ivan Pavlov – Biography, Books and Theories”, 2017). For instance, from his research on the physiology of digestion, he developed a surgical method. He was able to use fistulas extensively to support damaged organs to their normal functioning. His research in the use of fistulas was viewed as a discovery and it also market the beginning of a new era in physiology. Previously, the principal method applied was acute vivisection where the functioning of organs was arrived through analytical process (Pavlov & Gantt, 1928). This method was not efficient as it involved the disruption of the normal functioning and interaction of the organs with their environment. Further, determination of the functioning of an organ could be regulated was inadequate and this hampered medical development. However, this discovery had paved a new way that could be advanced to practical and theoretical medicine. In his work, he showed clearly that the nervous system had a vital role in regulating the digestive process. This discovery is the backbone of all modern physiology of digestion.

As the organizer and the director of the Department of Physiology at the Institute of Experimental Medicine, Pavlov worked for 45 years and he converted the Institute to be among the most important centers of physiological research. As such, his work cannot be under looked in both medicine and physiology.

Where the Work is seen and its Impacts

Pavlov’s work is seen mostly in the field of medicine and physiology. In medicine, his work such as the discovery of the function of conditioned reflexes has made it possible to study all psychic activity objectively rather than applying subjective methods deemed necessary (Pavlov & Gantt, 1928). As such, it became possible to study in an experiment, the most complex interrelations between an organism and its external environment. Its applications are particularly exhibited in animal training and the study of animal behavior (Cuny, 2015). Most scientists have also found the concepts outlined by Pavlov to be applicable (Pavlov, 2010). The concepts that are applied mostly are the forward and backward conditioning, temporal conditioning, and the zero contingency procedures. These concepts are part of the classical conditioning research that Pavlov undertook.

References

Cuny, H. (2015). Ivan Pavlov: The man and his theories. New York: P.S. Eriksson.

Ivan Pavlov – Biography, Books and Theories. (2017). Famouspsychologists.org. Retrieved 1 February 2017, from http://www.famouspsychologists.org/ivan-pavlov/

Pavlov, I. (2010). Conditioned reflexes: An investigation of the physiological activity of the cerebral cortex. New York: Dover Publications.

Pavlov, I. & Gantt, W. (1928). Lectures on conditioned reflexes (1st ed.). New York: Liveright.

Fields, T. (2006). Ivan Pavlov. U. S.: Great Neck Pub. http://search.ebscohost.com/direct.asp?db=ulh&jid=%221YSM%22&scope=site..

Todes, D. (2000). Ivan Pavlov: Exploring the animal machine (1st ed.). New York: Oxford University Press.

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